Rich Coast and totally Pure Nature!Costa Rica is a country with overwhelming nature and it is well known as a top eco-destination in the world. This beautiful country ranked first in the Happy Planet Index (where its inhabitants are happiest) in 2009 and 2012. It is a democratic country without an army, since 1948, where political stability prevails and tourism is the first source of income. Costa Rica is slightly larger than the Netherlands, but with a biodiversity per square meter greater than that of the Amazon. Is one of the nine countries with the highest density of species in the world and one of the 20 with the highest diversity of them.
This natural wealth is due, mainly, to the geographical position of Costa Rica in the tropical zone of the American continent, which is a natural bridge between two continental masses since it has two coasts separated by a mountainous system that provides numerous and varied microclimates, suitable for all types of life.
Costa Rica have 32 volcanoes of which Poás, Turrialba and Rincón de la Vieja are active. It has mountains with a peak of 3820 meters, surrounded by the two largest national parks Chirripó and La Amistad. The most popular natural parks are Tortuguero (protected area for sea turtles), Arenal and Poás (volcanoes), Monteverde (cloud forest), Manuel Antonio (beaches) and Corcovado (rain forest). The animals that are at the top of many lists to spot are: toucans, monkeys, sloths, macaws, crocodiles, poison frogs, the blue morpho butterflies, hummingbirds, whales, sea turtles and quetzals (the quetzal has been declared one of the most beautiful birds in the world).
Do you know?
- Costa Rica is located in Central America between Nicaragua and Panama.
- The country has 5 million inhabitants.
- Spanish is the mother tongue but more and more people speak English.
- Education and medical technology are good quality, comparable to rich countries.
- The time difference with the Western Europe is 8 hours in summer and 7 hours in winter.
- Gallo Pinto and Casado are two popular dishes based on rice and beans.
- Costa Rica is becoming more and more prominent worldwide when it comes to sustainability.
- Only 4% of the population is indigenous and lives in reserves.
- Most Costa Ricans are Roman Catholics.
- The currency is the Costa Rican colon, 1 euro is worth about 710 colones.
- The average temperature is 28 degrees Celsius, on the coast about 30 degrees Celsius and in the mountains 15 degrees Celsius.
- There are two seasons: the rainy period (winter) from May to November and the dry period (summer) from December to April.
- The capital is San José and the airport is near Alajuela.
- Dutch and Belgians do not need a visa for a stay of up to 90 days in the country.
Costa Rica is PURA VIDA!'Pura Vida’ is the life motto of the ‘Ticos’ as Costa Ricans are called and refers to their happiness, literally it means: Pure Life.
About 30% of the country is protected nature reserve. There are a total of 145 nature reserves.
The biodiversity of Costa Rica includes 922 bird species, 250 mammals, 440 reptiles and amphibians, about 16.000 butterfly species, countless rivers and around 600 beaches along two stunning coastlines (the Caribbean and the Pacific).
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